Relationship between the stem color and the ear spines presense with economically valuable traits of bread winter wheat

Keywords: wheat, spines, stem color, earing, plant height, weight of 1000 grains, harvest


Determination of the breeding value of the presence or absence of ear spines and anthocyanin stem color in bread winter wheat plants in the steppes of the Black Sea coast of Ukraine. Methods. Growing plants in the field. Phenological observations, weight of 1000 grains, analysis of variance and statistical significantly of the difference by t - criterion in pairwise comparison. Results. Groups of lines with the presence or absence of ear spines and with anthocyanin or green color, as well as with different combinations of both phenotypic traits did not differ significantly in economically valuable traits, with one exception. Plants with anthocyanin-colored stems were, on average, statistical significantly five centimeters taller than those with green color. Among the lines that exceeded the standard varieties Antonivka and Kuialnyk, in terms of yield, there are lines of all possible combinations of stem color and the presence or absence of spines. Conclusions. The phenotypic differences of recombinant lines in stem color (anthocyanin or green) or the presence or absence of spines, as well as their various combinations, are not significantly related to differences in genotypes before earing period, plant height, 1000 grain weight and grain yield.


Lytvynenko M. A. 100-year history of the development of winter bread wheat breeding programs. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection. 2016. No. 2. P. 75–82. [in Ukrainian]

Moskalets T. Z., Rybalchenko V. K. Morpho-physiological and molecular genetic features of Triticum aestivum L. xeromorphity. Biological systems. 2015. Vol. 7(1). P. 45–52. [in Ukrainian]

Martynov S.P., Dobrotvorskaya T.V. Genealogicaland statistical analysis of the genetic diversity with the aid the genetic re-sources information and analytical system GRIS for wheat Proceedings on applied botany, genetics and breeding. Vol. 169. SPb: VIR, 2012. P. 193–209. [in Russian]

Rebetzke G.J., Jimenez-Berni J.A., Bovill W.D., Deery D.M., James R.A. High-throughput phenotyping technologies allow accurate selection of stay-green. J. Exp. Bot. 2016. Vol. 67 (17). P. 4919–4924. doi: 10.1093/jxb/erw301.

Börner A., Schäfer M., Schmidt A., Grau M., Vorwald J. Associations between geographical origin and morphological charac-ters in bread wheat (Triticumaestivum L.). Plant Genet. Resour. 2005. Vol. 3, Is. 3. P. 360–372. doi: 10.1079/PGR200589.

Katalog sortiv ta gibridiv Selektsiyno-genetichnogo Institutu – Natsionalnogo tsentru nasinneznavstva ta sortovivchennya. Odesa: Astroprint, 2021. 184 p. [in Ukrainian]

Yoshioka M., IehisaJ. C.M., Ohno R., Kimura T., Enoki H., Nishimura S., Nasuda S., Takumi S. Three dominant awnless genes in common wheat: Fine mapping, interaction and contribution to diversity in awn shape and length. PLoSOne. 2017. 12 (4). e0176148. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0176148.

Huang D., Zheng Q., Melchkart T., Bekkaoui Y., KonkinD.J.F., Kagale S., Martucci M., You F.M., Clarke M., Adamski N.M., Chinoy C., Steed A., McCartney C.A., Cutler A.J., Nicholson P., Feurtado J.A. Dominant inhibition of awn development by a putative zinc-finger transcriptional repressor expressed at the B1 locus in wheat. NewPhytol. 2020. Vol. 225. P. 340–355. doi: 10.1111/nph.16154.

Tyunin V.А. Breeding value of the awn of the ear of bread spring wheat in the South Urals. Izvestia Orenburg state agrarian university. 2004. No. 3. P. 50–52. [in Russian]

Sidorov A.V., Plekhanova L.V. The awn role in yield formation and spring wheat grain quality. Bulliten KrasSAU. 2013. No. 9. P. 99˗102. [in Russian]

Goleva G.G., Vashchenko T.G., Kryukova T.I., Golev A.D. Flag leaves’ role in the formation of plant productivity of winter soft wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta. 2016. No. 2 (49). P. 31–42. [in Russian]

Gould K.S. Nature's swiss army knife: the diverse protective roles of anthocyanins in leaves. J. Biomed. Biotech. 2004. Vol. 5. P. 314–320. doi: 10.1155/S1110724304406147.

Khlestkina E.K. Genes determining coloration of different organs in wheat. Vavilov journal of genetics and breeding. 2012. Vol. 16(1). P. 202–216. [in Russian]

Shulembaeva К.К., Chunetova Zh.Zh., Dauletbaeva S.B., Tokubaeva A.A. Some results of work on production of isogenic lines, mutants and distant hybrids in wheat. KazNU Bulletin. Ecology series. 2014. No. 1/2. P. 375–379. [in Russian]

Iefimenko T.S., Antonyuk M.Z., Martynenko V.S., Navalihina A.G., Ternovska T.K. Introgression of Aegilops mutica genes into common wheat genome. Cytol Genet., 2018. Vol. 52(1). P. 21–30. doi: 10.3103/S0095452718010048.

Shulembayeva K.K., Dauletbayeva S.B. Investigation of economically important traits in isogenic lines of bread wheat. Proceedings on applied botany, genetics and breeding. 2009. Vol. 166. P. 316–320. [in Russian]

Rokitskii P.F. Biological Statistics. Minsk: Vysheishaya Shkola, 1973. 327 p. [in Russian]