Integrated evaluation of seed oil composition and yield potential of oil radish as new high-productive biodiesel source
Aim. Main aim of this research was a comparison of fatty acid composition for seed oils from oil radish breeding forms and varieties produced in Natl. Botanical Garden of Natl. Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Methods. Biochemical analysis of oil content as well as chromatographic analysis of fatty acid composition of oil radish and its genotypes were conducted out. Results. Oil content in seeds of oil radish (Raphanus var. oleifera sativus L.) was determined. The highest oil content was indicated for variety Kyyanochka – 42 %. Basing on chromatographic analysis of fatty acids of oil radish genotypes most optimal fatty acid composition for biodiesel production was identified in Kyyanochka variety due to high content of short-chained and monounsaturated fatty acids and highest oleic (18:1) acid content – 37.89 %. Conclusions. Taking in account results of chromatographic analysis and agronomic productivity the best genotype for biodiesel production were identified: variety Kyyanochka. Chosen genotype could be used for production of light types of biofuel which have potential to be used as additive for aviation fuel according to the optimal fatty acid composition
Keywords: Brassicaceae, oil radish, varieties, breeding forms, oil, fatty acids, biodiesel production.
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