Перехресне запилення у пшениці Triticum aestivum L. та її дикого родича Aegilops biuncialis Vis.
Aim. The aim of the study was analysis of outcrossing indices in Triticum aestivum L. plants depending on growth conditions and in natural populations of its wild relative Aegilops biuncialis Vis. using storage proteins as genetic markers. Methods. SDS and APAG electrophoresis was used to identify genotypes at the Glu-1 and Gli-1 loci for single seeds from F2 plants of T. aestivum and in samples from natural populations of Ae. biuncialis. Results. In T. aestivum, significant differences in the frequency of cross-pollination were revealed, from 0.3 to 11 % depending on year’s conditions and the dose of the 1BL/1RS translocation. The high outcrossing rate was observed under low humidity and the absence of precipitations. The frequency of cross-pollination is, on average, 2.3 % in T. aestivum and 4.38 % in Ae. biuncialis. Conclusions. Differences in outcrossing indices between genotypes with different doses of 1BL/1RS are realized only in certain conditions: drought at moderate temperatures favors cross-pollination. The rate of outcrossing is similar in T. aestivum and Ae. biuncialis.
Keywords: cross-pollination, Triticum aestivum L., Aegilops biuncialis Vis, storage proteins.
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