Tissues of immature and mature embryos as morphogenic competent explants for genetic transformation of wheat

  • S. I. Mykhalska
  • A. G. Komisarenko
  • V. M. Kurchii


Aim. To analyze the efficiency of using tissues of immature and mature embryos for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation in vitro of new breeding-valuable genotypes of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) for the purpose of their genetic improvement. Methods. Сulture of in vitro, extraction and electrophoresis of DNA, PCR analysis. Results. The efficiency of induction of callusogenesis and regeneration of winter wheat shoots was analyzed. The morphogenetic response of callus cultures obtained from different explants under Agrobacterium-mediated transformation in vitro was investigated. Molecular genetic analysis of wheat regenerants for transgenes was performe. Conclusions. The tissues of immature and mature embryos of novel breeding-valuable wheat genotypes are competent explants for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation in vitro. In this case, the tissues of two daily sprouts of mature wheat germ are characterized by higher morphogenetic parameters, which helps to obtain a greater percentage of genetically modified variants.

Keywords: Triticum aestivum L., in vitro, Agrobacterium-mediated transformation, immature embryos, mature


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