«Корни научного знания теряются в бесконечной дали веков …» В.И. Вернадскому посвящается
Aims. The purpose of present brief review to show the importance of joint use of archaeological and genetic research techniques to identify the centers of domestication and the time it was made. In his works on the history of science, V.I. Vernadsky wrote: "The roots of our scientific thought ... go much deeper into the distance and ages, than they think ... Clear idea of the amount of empirical knowledge ... in these far away times we, unfortunately, can not have now. One can not, however, be ignored, the history of knowledge begins … to reveal so big amount of empirical knowledge … that did not believe the science of XIX century". The same can be said of the latest achievements in identifying empirical knowledge of breeders of the Stone Age, which was hard to believe in the last millennium. Conclusions. Need to update this section in textbooks and lectures on the history of biology clearly illustrated by the remarkable discoveries of the last decade of the domestication of cats, dogs, horses.
Key words: domestication, cat, dog, horse.