Puffing activity in Drosophila melanogaster Meig. political chromosomes after exposure to microwave radiation
Aim. The aim of the work was to study the effect of microwave radiation of varying intensity on the polytene chromosomes puffing activity in larvae salivary glands of Drosophila melanogaster. Methods. The wild type outbred strain Oregon-R was used as the material. Microwave radiation with a frequency of 36.64 GHz and a power density of 0.1 and 1 W / m2 was used. Exposure to microwaves was applied in early embryogenesis after 3-hour oviposition. Exposure time was 30 sec. The puff sizes were studied on the squashed preparations of larvae salivary glands stained with acetoorcein. Dimensions of four puffs were investigated^ 2B5-6 (X chromosome); 62E, 71CE and 72CD (chromosome 3L). The measurements were carried out using an ocular-micrometer. Results. There were no significant changes in the size of the puffs in any of the four loci studied, regardless of the applied power density. Conclusions. Microwave radiation in early embryogenesis at a frequency of 36.64 GHz, a power density of 0.1 and 1 W/m2, and an exposure of 30 sec does not have a significant effect on the puff sizes in the Drosophila polytene chromosomes.
Keywords: Drosophila melanogaster Meig., giant chromosomes, puff sizes, non-ionizing radiation.
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