Obtaining of transgenic peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) plants AG85, ESAT6 genes by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation

  • С. М. Ніфантова
  • І. К. Комарницький
  • Ю. В. Симоненко
  • М. В. Кучук


Aims. The production of peanut cultivars with new properties is necessary.The purpose of this work was to develop a method of transgenesis Ag85, ESAT6 genes in peanut genome by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. Methods. Transformation of peanut lines was carried out using cocultivation of peanut explants with Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain GV3101 carrying genetic construct pCB064 containing Ag85, ESAT6 genes and nptII gene. Selection was held on the solidified callus inducing medium with 100 mg/l kanamicyne. The selected callus clones were put on the regeneration medium. Obtained regeneration lines were analysed using PCR-analysis and Western-blot analysis. Results. 8 peanut regeneration lines had positive signals after PCR analysis with DNA fragments of required molecular size for nptII gene, Ag85 and ESAT6 genes. 1 regeneration line of peanut had positive signals after Western-blot analysis. Conclusions. Transgenic peanut plants containing Ag85, ESAT6 genes were obtained. We have developed transgenic peanut plants expressing the Ag85, ESAT6 proteine.

Keywords: peanut, Ag85, ESAT6 genes, transformation.