Some problems and perspectives of biotechnological propagation of saffron (Crocus S.L.)

  • Т. Г. Карагезов
  • М. Г. Мамедова
  • С. Ш. Асадова
  • И. В. Азизов


Aims. To develop effective approaches for biotechnological propagation of Crocus. Methods. In vitro methods for the induction of morphogenesis and organogenesis of Crocus are used. Results. Factors influencing morphogenesis and organogenesis of saffron (Crocus) are considered. By using a temperature qradient under in vitro conditions was obtained de novo from 10 to 25 microcorms. Conclusions. Some issues related to biotechnology of Crocus were elucidate. The effect of the temperature factor and selenium on the efficiency of callus formation and morphogenesis in vitro are discussed. The methodical approaches to increase the efficiency of morphogenesis and organogenesis of Crocus in in vitro conditions were offered.

Keywords: saffron, Crocus S.L., in vitro, morphogenesis, temperature qradient.