To the 70th anniversary of the DNA structure discovery

Keywords: DNA, F. Crick, J. Watson, M. Wilkins, R. Franklin


April 25, 2023 marks the 70th anniversary of the first publications on the structure of DNA: James Watson, Francis Crick, Maurice Wilkins, Rosalind Franklin and colleagues published papers in the scientific journal Nature describing the structure of DNA. This discovery made a revolution in biological science, initiated new directions – molecular biology and molecular genetics, and became the basis for further discoveries that affected not only science, but also modern life in general. The events and research of scientists are described, without which the creation of the Watson-Crick model of the secondary structure of DNA would have been impossible.


The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. 1962. Retrieved from:

Matyshevska O. P., Danilova V. M., Komisarenko S. V. The discovery of the DNA double helix, or the revolution that ushered in the era of molecular biology (Nobel Prize 1962). Biochem. J. 2020. Vol. 92, No. 6. P. 183–198. doi: 10.15407/ubj92.06.183. [in Ukrainian]

Watson J. D., Crick F. H. Molecular structure of nucleic acids; a structure for deoxyribose nucleic acid. Nature. 1953. Vol. 171. P. 737–738. doi: 10.1038/171737a0.

Franklin R. E., Gosling R. G. Molecular configuration in sodium thymonucleate. Nature. 1953. Vol. 171. P. 740–741. doi: 10.1038/171740a0.

Wilkins M. H. F., Stokes A. R., Wilson H. R. Molecular structure of deoxypentose nucleic acids. Nature. 1953. Vol. 171. P. 738–740. doi: 10.1038/171738a0.