New generation surface synthetic of alfalfa sowing (Medicago sativa L.)

  • V. D. Buhaiov
  • V. М. Horenskyy
  • V. S. Mamalyga
  • I. V. Smulskaya


Aim. Evaluation of starting material on a complex of economically valuable features and creation with its participation of a variety-synthetics of alfalfa sowing. Methods. Field, laboratory. Results. The results of research and creation of a synthetic variety of alfalfa of sowing Radoslav at the Institute of forages and agriculture of Podillya of NAAS are presented. Listed on the State Register of Plant Varieties Eligible for Distribution in Ukraine (hereinafter – the Register of Plant Varieties of Ukraine) (Certificate of State Registration No. 15196001 of March 14, 2019, Patent for the Plant Variety of Radoslaw No. 190654 of May 5, 2019). When evaluating fodder and seed productivity in the research fields of the institute, the preference for the Radoslav variety to the Sinyukh standard was established. Extensive testing of the suitability of the variety for propagation (SPD) in 5 research points of the Polesia zone and 4 ˗ of the Forest-Steppe Institute of Plant Variety Examination confirmed higher rates of fodder and seed productivity and growth rate of the specified variety compared to the conventional standard. Conclusions. In order to enhance the efficiency of the breeding process aimed at the creation of synthetic varieties, clonal genotypes should be used, which, along with the complex of economically valuable traits, are distinguished by a high overall combining ability. It is recommended to use synthetic alfalfa of sowing Radoslaw in clean and mixed crops with other perennial herbs for production of high-quality forages in the soil-climatic zones of Polissya and Forest-steppe.

Keywords: Medicago sativa L., clone, synthetic variety, dry matter, seeds.


Zharinov V.I., Kluy V.S. Alfalfa. K.: Harvest, 1990. 320 p. [in Ukrainian]

Bulletin of the Institute of Examination of Plant Varieties of Ukraine "Official Descriptions of Plant Varieties and Indicators of Economic Suitability". 2019. Issue 2. P. 273. [in Ukrainian]

Kolganova N.V., Tkachenko I.K. Combinational value of alfalfa samples by fodder and seed productivity. Feed production. 2006. No. 12. P. 15–16. [in Russian]

Bolacos-Aguilar E.-D., Huyghe C., Julier B., Ecalle C. Genetic variation for seed yield and its components in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) populations. Agronomie. 2000. Vol. 20, No. 3. P. 333–345.

Bugayov V.D., Mamaliga V.S., Gorensky V.M., Maksimov A.M. Evaluation and creation of starting material for alfalfa breeding in conditions of high acidity of soils. Factors in experimental evolution of organisms. 2014. Vol. 15. P. 153–155. [in Ukrainian]

Bugayov V.D., Mamalyga V.S., Maksimov A.N. Methods of edaphic breeding of alfalfa. Ideas of N.I. Vavilov in the modern world: Abstracts of reports of the III Babylonian International Conference. St. Petersburg, 2012. P. 263–264. [in Russian]

Epifanova I.V., Lapina M.Sh. Breeding alfalfa for feed quality and seed productivity. Systems of high-yield agriculture and biotechnology as a basis for innovative modernization of agroindustrial complex in the conditions of climate change: Mater. Russian scientific-practical Conf. Ufa: Bashincom. Scientific-Production Company. Bashkir State Agrarian University, 2011. P. 268–270. [in Russian]

Zharinov V.I. Towards a methodology for the evaluation of starting material for alfalfa breeding for Increasing seed productivity. New methods of creation and use of source material for plant breeding. Kyiv: Naukova dumka, 1979. P. 233–242. [in Russian]

Piskovatsky Yu.M. Selection of alfalfa for resistance to acidic soils. Introduction and development of unconventional and rare plants: Collection of scientific papers. Ulyanovsk, 2002. P. 39–42. [in Russian]

Tormozin M.A., Nagibin A.E., Zyryantseva A.A. Studying of self-fertile, autotriping lucerne lines – The basis of creation of high-performance varieties. Achievements of APC science and technology. 2019. Vol. 33, No. 1. P. 30–33. [in Russian]

Brummer E.C., Riday H. Forage yield heterosis in alfalfa. Crop Sci. 2002. 42. P. 716–723.

Brummer E.C., Riday H. Heterosis of agronomic traits in alfalfa. Crop Sci. 2002. 42. P. 1081–1087.

Methods of examination of varieties of lucerne sowing, L. variable (Medicago sativa L. M., M. x Varia Martyn) for difference, homogeneity and stability. Adapted by: Andryushchenko A.V., Krivitsky K.M., Veselovskaya O.B. 2010. 18 p. [in Ukrainian]

Methods of Expert Evaluation of Plant Varieties of the Technical and Fodder Group for Propagation Suitability in Ukraine (PSP). Ed. S.O. Weaver. 3rd ed. Vinnitsa, 2015. 73 p. [in Ukrainian]