Similarity in temperament types of relatives
Aim. The purpose of research is to evaluate the level of similarity of children and parents on the type of temperament. Methods. With the aid of personal questionnaire of Н. Aizenka’s (EPI) psychometric testing of teenagers and their pa-rents is performed. The ratings of the association in concord vapours parents / descendants are designed. Results. At the men of first generation the most frequent they are sanguine (31 %) and choleric type of temperament (30 %), at women – melancholic (40 %). At youngster (the men of second generation) all types of temperament meet approximately with identical frequency, girl mostly choleric persons (39 %). Melancholiacs among them phlegmatic persons – 20 %, sanguine persons - 13% account for 28 %. Similarity on temperament - a share of concord pairs - most strong is expressed in vapours mother / son (45 %). Specific gravity of other concord pairs is accounted for: by the mother / daughter and father / 32 % daughter, father / son are 20%. The most strong association is noted in vapours mother / son on флегматическому temperament (r=0.54), as well as choleric (r=0.26). Conclusions. In the association of temperament at parents and descendants parent effect is revealed. Similarity of temperament at descendants with mother to 1.5 times is stronger, than similarity of temperament at descendants with father.
Keywords: temperament, Н. Aizenka’s questionnaire (EPI), concord relatives, factor of the association.
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