Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) course in prenatally stressed rat males, the offspring of mothers with different sensitivity to EAE

  • S. V. Utevska


Aim. The research is aimed at investigating the effect of prenatal stress on the incidence and course of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) as well as the level of sex hormones in 200-days-old male rats, offspring of females with different sensitivity to EAE induction. Methods. The incidence and severity of EAE including duration of latent period, duration of the period from the first to the maximum manifestation of motor disfunction, mean clinical scores, maximum level of motor disfunction (maximum clinical scores) were analyzed in rats with induced EAE. Serum testosterone, estradiol and progesterone levels were measure during Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Results. The estradiol level of prenatally stressed males was significantly lower than in rats from the control group. Sensitive to EAE test male rats had lower testosterone levels than EAE resistant males, and the offspring of EAE sensitive mothers were more resistant to EAE induction than the offspring of EAE resistant mothers. Conclusions. Without significant changes in the course of EAE, the reduction in incidence depends on a combination of factors such as mother's sensitivity to EAE induction and prenatal stress.

Keywords: experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), prenatal stress, sex hormones, sensitivity to EAE induction.


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