Reproductive ability of common winter wheat plants under drought

  • O. I. Zhuk


Aim. The goal of this work was to study the effect of soil drought on the reproductive ability of common winter wheat plants (Triticum aestivum L.). Methods. Wheat plants of cultivars Yednist and Zbruch were grown under optimal nutrition and well-watered conditions to the earing-flowering phase, after that the experimental plants were transferred to drought regime for 10 days, after that the optimal water supply was restored to the end of vegetation. During the experiment, the stem length and the leaf area were measured. Ripened plants were analyzed according to the structure of the yield. Results. It is established that the effect of drought in the critical phase of ontogenesis the earing-flowering led to the decreasing the stem length, the leaf area, the mass of the ear and grains, number of grains more in Zbruch cultivar than in Yednist cultivar. In Zbruch cultivar under drought the number of productive stems per plant decreased. Conclusions. Water deficiency in the soil in the critical phase of earing-flowering led to a decrease in the reproductive ability of winter wheat plants due to the inhibition of growth of stem, reduction of the leaf area, the grain number and the mass of ear and grains.

Keywords: Triticum aestivum L., stem, ear, productivity, drought.


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