Yielding and quality indicators of new buckwheat varieties Kamianchanka

  • L. A. Vilchynska
  • A. S. Gorash


Aim. To compare the new variety of buckwheat Kamianchanka by individual indicators of suitability for distribution, difference, uniformity and stability with a conditional national variety-standard. Methods. The creation, study, evaluation, reproduction and transfer to the State trials of a new variety was carried out in accordance with the generally accepted methods of state trials. Results. The article presents the main identification indicators of the Kamianchanka buckwheat variety, created in the Podilskyi State Agrarian Engineering University. In terms of the suitability of the variety for distribution, difference, uniformity and stability, the Kamianchanka buckwheat variety exceeds the average yield of the varieties that have passed state registration in the previous five years in the Forest-Steppe Zone. The average yield of the new variety was higher than the conventional standard by 1.7 and 3.7 c / ha, or by 9.3 and 19.6%, respectively. Plant height varied from 73 to 156 cm and was on average 15 cm higher than the standard. The mass of 1000 seeds varied from 25.4-35 g and was higher in the Forest-steppe zone by 3.7-5 g (11.4-11.7%) compared with the conventional standard. A new variety of buckwheat Kamenchanka is sufficiently resistant to biotic and abiotic factors, suitable for cultivation in intensive technologies and mechanized harvesting. Сonclusions. A new variety of buckwheat Kamianchanka is listed in the Register of Plant Varieties of Ukraine for 2019. Recommended for growing farms of various forms of ownership.

Keywords: buckwheat, yield, qualitative parameters, state test.


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