Evaluation of perspectivity of use of a new hybrid oil culture of tyfon in comparison with its parental species as raw material for biodiesel production

  • R. Ya. Blume
  • G. V. Lantukh
  • I. V. Levchuk
  • S. O. Rakhmetova
  • D. B. Rakhmetov
  • Ya. B. Blume


Aim. Main aim of this research was a comparison of fatty acid composition in seed oil from breeding forms and varieties of hybrid culture tyfon (B. rapa ssp. oleifera f. biennis × (B. rapa ssp. rapifera × B. rapa ssp. pekinensis)) produced in M.M. Gryshko Natl. Botanical Garden of Natl. Academy of Sci. of Ukraine and its parental genotypes: turnip rape and hybrid Holland greens. Methods. Biochemical analysis of oil content as well as chromatographic analysis of fatty acid composition of tyfon were conducted out. Results. Oil fatty acids profiles of tyfon (B. rapa ssp. oleifera f. biennis × (B. rapa ssp. rapifera × B. rapa ssp. pekinensis)) were determined. The highest content of erucic acid was 42.8 % in cultivar Fitopal, the highest content of oleic acid (20.02 %) was in oil of breeding form EOTFVS. Highest content of gondoic acids was indentified in oil of breeding form EOTFV (11.46 %). Conclusions. Taking in account the results of chromatographic analysis the best genotypes for biodiesel production were identified: cultivar Fitopal and breeding form EOTFVS due to their highest content of erucic acid (42.8 % and 41.63 %) and lowest content of linolenic acid (6.99 % and 6.6 %).

Keywords: Brassicaceae, hybrid, tyfon, winter vatieties, oil, fatty acids, composition, biodiesel.


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